Latest Trends in Special Education
- Mar 30, 2015
Education is no longer confined to traditional learning techniques such as the blackboard and books. Nowadays, students have started imbibing lessons even beyond classrooms, thanks to innovative learning practices adopted by most educational institutes. This has largely been made possible by technology that has made the lives of millions of students much more convenient and easier!
But then, what about special education? Do you think special educators have introduced newer modifications in their teaching processes?
What is Special Education?
First, let us try and understand what special education is all about. Special education implies the implementation of certain teaching techniques to meet the requirements of disabled children without charging fees from their parents. This definition has been presented by the IDEA or Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and this law is followed in most institutes imparting special education.
In other words, certain children are psychologically, socially, emotionally or physically challenged. Special educators design their methods of instructions specifically for teaching such students. This is due to the fact that a traditional school environment is unable to meet the unique demands of such learners. Such learners can avail these services till they turn 21 years of age.
Recent Trends in Special Education: Since education itself has been undergoing a transformation, it has been impacting special education in more ways than one. Read on to know the details of the latest trends in special education:
- Redesigning the basics: Special educators are trying to redesign their teaching techniques to make them simpler for students. Since last year, academic bodies have been applying a policy known as RDA or’ Results Driven Accountability’ to enhance the performance of disabled students. Local educational institutes, state education agencies and teachers are taking measures to re-think their existing policy guidelines in this area to make them stronger.
- Supporting through MTSS: Students with disabilities are provided all kinds of support according to their needs through a special program known as the MTSS or ‘Multi-Tier System of Supports’. The MTSS support framework assists children in developing their academic, social, behavioral, and language skills, along with emotional intelligence. And this assistance is provided to all kinds of disabled learners right from amateurs to those at an advanced level.
- Applying technology: Did you know that technology has gifted our generation some of the coolest iPad apps that aid Dyslexic students? These days, special educators have access to a lot of technological gadgets enabling them to customize their lessons for disabled pupils. The BYOD or ‘Bring Your Own Device’ policy is also being introduced in several educational institutes to encourage learners to be smarter and more technology-friendly.
- Using coding: Given today’s technology-driven environment, coding is something that every student at least needs to have an idea about, including SWDs or ‘Students with Disabilities’. Social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter and even websites like YouTube are highly popular among modern-day youngsters. And all of them use coding as part of the programming language that is used to develop them.
- Helping students with autism: There are several organizations that train autistic students to lead a better and more organized life. They are continuing their efforts to make their lessons more adaptable to students and other young adults with autism. National organizations and community-based institutions are aiming to educate autistic children in specialized courses. Such special programs groom them for the best employment opportunities.
- Adopting IEPs: ‘Individualized Education Programs’or IEPs are being developed in various educational bodies to protect the goals of every institute offering special education. These programs are being adopted to make sure that the objectives of every institute are inspired by the system of evaluation followed by it. The instructors, lecturers, specialized personnel and teachers imparting special education are trained in their professional development.
- Crowdfunding: Do you know how crowdfunding works? As the name suggests, the system of crowdfunding involves the financing of a school or any other organization by a group of online donors. Special educators approach potential donors for financial aid to buy stationeries and other essential equipment for their academic institutions. This is done since these schools lack abundant financial resources to sustain themselves.
As per IDEA, the different types of disabilities include emotional disturbance, visual impairment, autism, speech and language impairment, deafness, blindness, mental retardation, hearing impairment, multiple disabilities, traumatic brain injury and so on. These days, proper emphasis is being laid on training special educators so that they are ready to handle all categories of disabled learners!
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