What is Kuwait's Plan for the Futuristic Educational Sector?
- Jun 11, 2018
Kuwait, now one of the wealthiest countries in the world, is concentrating on the educational sector to no small extent. The government is allowing many foreign organizations to open their franchises and online study medium in Kuwait for the students’ convenience. Additionally, new courses have been introduced along with the strengthening of the Islamic studies. Women education is on high rise accompanying high designations for females in the careeristic path.
Kuwait Vision 2035:
The long-term development plan held education as a catalyst in the process of social progress, economic diversification and sustainable growth. Both the government and the private sector are hugely investing on the education with the later educating over 40% of the country’s students. The private sector is growing faster than the public educational system concerning the economic and demographic necessity.
Kuwait Government has sanctioned around 9.5% to education (2016 budget). It is below GCC average which is 15.6% (GCC Education Industry May 2016). The mission is to make the Kuwaitis able to compete in the worldwide marketplace. It has been observed that the government’s expenditure on the educational sector increased at approximately 14.8% in 4 years to the fiscal year of 2013/14. The falling of the oil prices triggered the demand of economic diversification and led Kuwait to look for the development of the knowledge-intensive sphere like ICT and high-tech manufacturing domains.
Consequences of the basic education:
UNICEF told that the literacy rate of Kuwait is 96.2%. Most of the students are equipped with superior skills. The educational system is booming with the best international universities coming from the whole world.
The growing population:
The demographic condition of Kuwait shows less than 4m, and the population will expectedly increase at CAGR or compound annual growth rate of approximately 2.8% by the year 2020. Euromonitor hopes it to touch around 5.1m by 2030. Owing to the growing population, the need for rising educational capacity is predominant.
The development of Kuwait’s skills and knowledge has become the leading concern throughout K-12 education. It will help in creating opportunities for the IT players. The GDP per capita income of Kuwait is over $70,000 yearly at the purchasing power consistency (World Bank figures). Thus, the awareness of the educational competence is high at the international market level, and Kuwait is keen to invest much more in children’s education.
Stage of schooling:
Currently, there are 4 stages:
Nursery (ages:- 4-6)
Primary (ages:- 6-10)
Middle (ages:- 10-14)
Secondary (ages:- 14-18)
The total number of schools is 1331. More than 625,000 students are enrolled as per the academic year of 2014-15 [Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) –Statistical Review of 2016]. More than 40% of pupils are registered in the private schools.
The facility provision:
The year 2014-15:- There were approximately 367,661 students spread over 840 schools in the public school system.
The number as per CSB:
Primary schools:- 259
Intermediate Schools:- 211
Secondary schools:- 143
Pupil –teacher ratio:- 5.6:1
Approximately 24.5 students per room
Again, Kuwait’s government schools consist of around 2687 learners: split between 1260 students (5 intermediate religious schools) and 1427 students (4 secondary level religious schools). Taking 694 teachers and 126 classrooms into account, the pupil to teacher ratio stands for 3.9:1 and 21.3 students per classroom. 31 special needs schools account for 1739 schoolchildren (public system: 2104-15), and 1356 teachers with the student-teacher ratio of 1.3:1 is present.
The on-going plan:
The government planned to increase the fees of the private schools by 3% annually for the academic years of 2016-17-18. The population growth is leading to the expansion of tertiary education. The government’s labor market right of way shapes the tertiary institutions.
Involvement of international students:
Kuwait welcomes students from all over the world to achieve an educational degree. The student visa process is planned to be simple to attract more international students. Besides, the issues related to the shortage of students’ accommodation and courses, initiation of scholarship programmes for the tertiary education are being taken care of.
Apart from it, vocational education is given prime importance for preparing the students for the profession. It will also lessen the dependence on the foreign oracles.
Inspite of the extant endeavors, the educational performance of Kuwait is still ranking behind the high-income countries (World Economic Forum:- The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016). Presently, it ranks 103rd out of 140 economies, 99th on science and mathematics education, 88th on the all-inclusive quality of higher education and training, 84th on staff training, 81st on schools’ internet access availability, 86th on school management, and 112th on the specialized training services’ getatability.
Programs for improvement:
A reform program has been launched by the Kuwaiti authorities along with the World Bank to meet the country’s needs and values. 130 specialists are working to develop a new integrated curriculum for all subjects from K-12 that is specifically child-centered and competency- based. The pilot projects in 48 schools are implementing greater usage of data in the planning of lesson and community homogenization and performances of both the teachers and the students.
NCED and MoE are working towards driving the changes improvising the knowledge transfer. A new program like PPP (Public-Private Partnership) has been renovated. The Technical Bureau of the MoE and PPP agency is supervising the KSDP or Kuwait Schools Development programme which will take in 5 kindergartens, 3 elementary schools, 1 middle school, 1 residential building for the employees and 1 Olympic Sized swimming pool for the students.
The final goal is to make the schooling outstanding. The private schools and universities, as well as vocational educational institutions, are taking charges for enhancing the scope to meet the growing demands.
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